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Image of Cymbet Solid State Batteries

EnerChip Energy Processor CBC915

Product Line Discontinued - Not Available for New Designs

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Every Energy Harvesting-based project has unique requirements. To jump start your project, please call our Cymbet Applications Team at +1 763-633-1780 or send us a note via our Applications Support Form.

Calculating Power Budget

In order to power systems using ambient energy harvesting, several factors must taken into consideration to calculate the power required to operate the system in various states:

1 - Identify the sources of ambient energy to be used and the type of Energy Harvesting transducer to be used

2 - Characterize the power output of the EH transducer over various ambient conditions

3 - Looking at all the system components, calculate the power required for all states operation (e.g. sleep, sensing, wireless)

4 - Identify the EH conversion and power management electronics to be used and add the power used to the overall total.

5 - Size the energy storage device (solid state battery) to cover all the system energy storage and power delivery requirements.

Reference schematics of these systems can be found in the Cymbet EVAL-09 datasheet and the EVAL-10 data sheet.

 

EH Transducers

EH Transducers exist for several forms of ambient energy harvesting. The following table shows the fundamental characteristics of each:

Image of Energy harvesting Transducers.

Maximum Peak Power Tracking

To optimize the performance of energy harvesting based systems, it is critical the high efficiency energy conversion technique of maximum peak power tracking (MPPT) be used. MPPT can adapt to either constant impedance or variable impedance EH transducers. MPPT is used to match the impedance between the energy harvesting transducer and the system load as seen in the diagrams below. The EnerChip EP Energy Processor CBC915 implements an optimized version of MPPT.

Image of Maximum Peak Power Tracking

Design Tips

When building energy harvesting based systems the following 10 Tips and Techniques will help improve system performance:

1 - Optimize for low average power in the system.

2 - Firmware efficiency is key; no loops, etc.

3 -Use hardware timers and interrupts. Isolate loads; all loads should be switchable.

4 - Watch power leaks via back-feeding other devices.

5 - Net power is a tradeoff between dynamic and static power. Quick processing with high power may be better than slow processing with low power.

6 - Usually better to process data and send result vs. sending data for processing elsewhere.

7 - Wireless protocols and topology must be minimized.

8 - Power up sequencing – must understand implications of when to power each device along with other devices.

9 - Every MCU vendor provides hints and tricks to minimize power.

10 - Use Energy Processing devices that provide status indications so informed power management choices can be made.

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